We’ve all been there at one point: After being seated at a fine dining restaurant, we’re presented with the menu and somehow feel a little overwhelmed just by looking at all the fancy words and mysterious terminology—the good news is: you are not alone!
For diners who frequent upscale restaurants in Raleigh NC, navigating the menu can be a little less daunting. However, if you don’t dine out quite often, seeing unfamiliar words and convoluted descriptions might turn a special night into an evening of confusion.
So, to make your dining experience at upscale restaurants in Raleigh NC stress-free, and to help you become well-versed in the world of fine dining, we’ve rounded up some of the culinary terms you’re likely to encounter when browsing a menu, along with some tips so you can start the evening on a good note.
Decoding Fine Dining Menu Language at Upscale Restaurants in Raleigh NC
Simply learning the definitions of less familiar words that appear on fine-dining menus can make you more confident when you visit some of the upscale restaurants in Raleigh NC. These terms often refer to particular cooking techniques and special ingredients that the restaurant takes pride in, especially when they offer local and international dishes. When you get a better understanding of what these words mean, ordering won’t be such an ordeal for the non-frequent diner.
The structure of fine dining menus
Typically, menus start with appetizers, followed by soups, then salads. From there, most upscale restaurants in Raleigh NC decide next on what to present — some will list all the entrées together or itemize their main dishes according to food groups such as meat, seafood, poultry, and so forth. Then, you might find desserts, then drinks, or see a separate sheet dedicated to both.
Sometimes, you might even find special markings beside the names of certain dishes. You’ll find symbols or notes next to dishes that adhere to specific diet restrictions (i.e., gluten-free, dairy-free, vegan, etc.), or it could be a way for the restaurant to highlight its popular offerings. Pay attention to those especially, if you’re looking to maintain your healthy diet even when you’re dining out.
Confused by some of the words you see on the menu? We’re here to help!
Seeing a bunch of unfamiliar words when you’re handed the menu can truly make you feel like the food world has its own language and you feel a little left out. There are quite a number of culinary terms that are not used in everyday conversations. So here are 10 culinary terms you’re likely to see on a fine dining menu. You can get up to speed and gain that confidence the next time you are tempted to try a dish but are not sure of what certain words mean. This way, you can grow your arsenal of fine dining verbiage and concepts and even help those who aren’t as familiar with it.
- Au Jus
This is a French word that literally translates to “with juice”. It’s a sophisticated sauce that’s usually thinner than gravy and is made from the meat’s juices along with aromatic vegetables.
You know you’re in for a high-end meal when a complimentary amuse-bouche arrives shortly after you sit down. Amuse-bouche is a dish served before your main course. It’s often a one or two-bite starter.
Bordelaise is a classic, thick French sauce made with meat stock. It is typically flavored with dry red wine (Bordeaux) and shallots.
Compote refers to chopped fruits such as strawberries, blueberries, or apples cooked in syrup—think chunky jam but more flavorful.
Confit refers to a dish cooked in oil or butter at lower temperatures. Some of the most common confit dishes are chicken or duck.
- Farm to table
Many chefs and restaurant owners partner with local purveyors when sourcing ingredients. Farm to table simply means that the dish’s ingredients was sourced locally.
Prix-Fixe menus are multi-course menus that often cost a set price. When upscale restaurants in Raleigh NC offer a prix-fixe menu, it means that they offer a set number of meals at a fixed price. Sometimes, there will be choices within each category for you to choose from. So, if you are ordering from a prix-fixe menu, you’ll choose from a list of salad options, appetizer choices, entree selections, as well as desserts to create your meal.
Reduction is a sauce that has been simmered for an extended period of time to allow it to thicken and intensify the flavors.
- Sous vide
Sous vide is a famous cooking technique where food (usually meat or fish) is vacuum-packed in a plastic pouch and simmered in a water bath at low temperatures.
Umami is a Japanese word that roughly translates into “tastiness or deliciousness”. It’s often used to describe rich or salty foods that have a certain or particular taste. It’s become a culinary buzzword that many chefs describe as the “fifth taste,” joining sweet, sour, salty, and bitter. Think of the hearty taste of mushrooms, salmon, and parmesan cheese—these are but some of the foods that are linked with the taste sensation known as umami.
Ready to order?
Many popular dining spots feature a mix of local and international cuisine, and it’s always a treat to take your taste buds on a trip. So indulge, enjoy, and worry no more! The next time you visit upscale restaurants in Raleigh NC, you’ll be equipped with the extra knowledge about how certain dishes are prepared or cooked.
The more time you spend at a fine dining restaurant, the more familiar and comfortable you’ll feel when you’re handed the menu. Learning some of the culinary jargon will help you get a clearer picture when you’re tempted to order that mysterious-sounding dish.
You can also ask your server if you’re unsure about what a certain word means. And because you already know some of it, you don’t need the server to explain at great length. Besides, learning these words can also be a quirky way to win a round at the next trivia night. Bon Appétit.